Cancers of the eye and the surrounding structures (Ocular Oncology) can affect all age groups, starting from young children to elderly individual. The treatment of the eye cancer requires a specialized team of doctors, nurses, low vision and rehabilitation facilities as well facilities for ocular pathology services, genetic counselling and prosthetic rehabilitation. The Integrated Eye Cancer Treatment centre at Dr Shroff’s Charity Eye Hospital is the first of its kind in North India with dedicated facilities for treatment of various eye cancers under one roof. In tune with the hospital’s mission and vision of providing quality care to patients from all sections of the society, the centre has tied up with likeminded NGOs and philanthropists to provide highly subsidized treatment to the patients from underprivileged section of the society. The centre currently treats about 400 patients with various eye cancers annually referred from across the country as well as identified through the primary and secondary care network of the hospital
What are the signs of eye cancer? When should one suspect
The various types of eye cancers treated at the centre include:
Retinoblastoma is the most common intraocular malignant tumor in children. This tumor is most commonly seen in children less than 5 years of age where it is seen as a white reflex (also called cats eye reflex) either involving one or both eyes. These tumor develop from retina and either grows inside the eye (endophytic) or grows outside the eye (exophytic). While timely detection and prompt treatment can save not only the eye and vision, delayed diagnosis and treatment can make this cancer spread to the brain and other parts of the body and can be fatal. Retinoblastoma can be treated by various modalities like intravenous chemotherapy, laser and cryotherapy, enucleation surgery, radiotherapy and the newer treatment modalities like intravitreal chemotherapy and intra-arterial chemotherapy(IAC).
Melanoma arise from pigmented cells of the eye called melanocytes and can arise from either iris( coloured part of the eye), choroid ( pigmented nourishing layer of eye that nourishes retina) or ciliary body ( contains muscles which help in changing focus of lens for distance and near object). It can also involve conjunctive where it is seen as a dark pigmented patch over the surface of eye. Melanoma are usually aggressive malignant tumors, usually affecting the elderly and if not detected and treated on time can spread to the other parts of the body and can be fatal. Melanoma can be detected by a detailed examination of the eye by an eye surgeon with special training in diagnosis and treatment of eye cancer(ocular oncologist).
Eye cancer treatment facilities at Dr. Shroff’s Charity Eye Hospital:
The Integrated Eye Cancer Treatment Centre at Dr Shroff’s Charity Eye Hospital treats more than 400 patients with eye tumour every year and has the following facilities for treatment: